Ancient Texans

A major food source was sotol. They took off the leaves and only ate the bulb.

Seminole Canyon, in southern Texas where the Pecos River meets the Rio Grande, is a fascinating place that has been inhabited for thousands of years. The earliest remains of human inhabitants are from approximately 10,000 years ago. Since that time, the canyon has been continuously occupied by people.

In the early days of Seminole Canyon the ancient Texans relied on animals like rabbit for their food. They also killed bison.

The sotol bulbs were cooked in underground ovens.

How is this possible? Bison live in herds and can easily kill an Indian. The answer is simple, drive them off a cliff. There sometimes were shelters under a cliff so the early people would be able to get the bison to their home to cook and eat them.

The ancient Texans who lived in Seminole Canyon also ate plants such as sotol. The sotol took a little longer to prepare than some of their other foods. First, they would take the spiny leaves off. Second, they brought back the hearts of the plant and put them in an oven of heated stones. They let them sit in the oven for a couple of days. That got the hard “armor” off the actual heart of the sotol. Then they take it out and eat it.


Seminole Canyon is where the Pecos River meets the Rio Grande.
The ancient people left a lot of petroglphs in their caves.
Rabbit was one of the foods the people ate a lot.
Nobody knows exactly why the ancient people painted petroglyphs or what they mean.

books by Nancy Sathre-Vogel

About Nancy Sathre-Vogel

After 21 years as a classroom teacher, Nancy Sathre-Vogel finally woke up and realized that life was too short to spend it all with other people's kids. She and her husband quit their jobs and, together with their twin sons, climbed aboard bicycles to see the world. They enjoyed four years cycling as a family - three of them riding from Alaska to Argentina and one exploring the USA and Mexico. Now they are back in Idaho, putting down roots, enjoying life at home, and living a different type of adventure. It's a fairly sure bet that you'll find her either writing on her computer or creating fantastical pieces with the beads she's collected all over the world.

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