There are no trees in the Arctic tundra. In fact, the very first tree is 180 miles from the end of the road!
A lot of people think there are no trees in the far north because of the cold, strong winds, permafrost, or the lack of water. While all those are contributing factors, they aren’t the main reason.
The main reason there are no trees in the Arctic tundra is simply because there are not enough sunny days for photosynthesis to occur.
It takes a lot of energy to produce and maintain the large woody stems and trunks of trees, and there aren’t enough sunny days to support them. That’s why are there no trees in the arctic tundra.
Here’s a video I made to explain it all: